bank

[12] The various disparate meanings of modern English bank all come ultimately from the same source, Germanic *bangk-, but they have taken different routes to reach us. Earliest to arrive was ‘ridge, mound, bordering slope’, which came via a hypothetical Old Norse *banki. Then came ‘bench’ [13] (now obsolete except in the sense ‘series of rows or tiers’ – as in a typewriter’s bank of keys); this arrived from Old French banc, which was originally borrowed from Germanic *bangk- (also the source of English bench). Finally came ‘moneylender’s counter’ [15], whose source was either French banque or Italian banca – both in any case deriving ultimately once again from Germanic *bangk-. The current sense, ‘place where money is kept’, developed in the 17th century. The derived bankrupt [16] comes originally from Italian banca rotta, literally ‘broken counter’ (rotta is related to English bereave and rupture); in early times a broken counter or bench was symbolic of an insolvent moneylender. The diminutive of Old French banc was banquet ‘little bench’ (perhaps modelled on Italian banchetto), from which English gets banquet [15]. It has undergone a complete reversal in meaning over the centuries; originally it signified a ‘small snack eaten while seated on a bench (rather than at table)’. => BENCH

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

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  • Bank [2] — Bank (Hdlgsw.), eine auf Rechnung mehrerer Personen od. des Staates errichtete Anstalt, welche mit Geld Geschäfte macht, d.h. gegen Hinterlegung von Geld, Werthpapieren od. werthvollen Gegenständen od. auch gegen Bürgschaft Credit gewährt, den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bank — [bæŋk] noun BANKING ORGANIZATIONS The Bank the Bank of England, Britain s central bank: • The Bank is worried that strong demand for labour could lead to higher wages and prices. * * * Ⅰ …   Financial and business terms

  • bank — / baŋk/ n: an organization for the custody, loan, or exchange of money, for the extension of credit, and for facilitating the transmission of funds branch bank: a banking facility that is a separate but dependent part of a chartered bank; esp: a… …   Law dictionary

  • bank — bank; bank·man; bank·roll·er; bank·rupt·cy; bank·sku·ta; can·ta·bank; em·bank; em·bank·ment; in·ter·bank; maas·bank·er; moun·te·bank·ery; bank·a·ble; bank·rupt; moun·te·bank; non·bank; bank·abil·i·ty; bank·skoi·te; hand·bank·er; sal·tim·bank; …   English syllables

  • bank — bank1 [baŋk] n. [ME banke < MFr banque < OIt banca, orig., table, moneylenders exchange table < OHG bank, bench: see BANK2] 1. an establishment for receiving, keeping, lending, or, sometimes, issuing money, and making easier the exchange …   English World dictionary

  • Bank — Bank, n. [F. banque, It. banca, orig. bench, table, counter, of German origin, and akin to E. bench; cf. G. bank bench, OHG. banch. See {Bench}, and cf. {Banco}, {Beach}.] 1. An establishment for the custody, loan, exchange, or issue, of money,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bank — (b[a^][ng]k), n. [OE. banke; akin to E. bench, and prob. of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. bakki. See {Bench}.] 1. A mound, pile, or ridge of earth, raised above the surrounding level; hence, anything shaped like a mound or ridge of earth; as, a bank… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bank — baŋk n a place where something is held available <data bank> esp a depot for the collection and storage of a biological product of human origin for medical use <a sperm bank> <an eye bank> see BLOOD BANK * * * (bangk) a stored… …   Medical dictionary

  • bank — Ⅰ. bank [1] ► NOUN 1) the land alongside or sloping down to a river or lake. 2) a long, raised mound or mass: mud banks. 3) a set of similar things grouped together in rows. ► VERB 1) heap or form into a mass or mound. 2) …   English terms dictionary

  • bank — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż IIa, D. u {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} instytucja zajmująca się obrotem pieniędzmi: przyjmowaniem wkładów i wypłacaniem odsetek, udzielaniem kredytów, emisją banknotów,… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Bank — Bank, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Banked}(b[a^][ng]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Banking}.] 1. To raise a mound or dike about; to inclose, defend, or fortify with a bank; to embank. Banked well with earth. Holland. [1913 Webster] 2. To heap or pile up; as, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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